Villa of the Papyri

Like the nearby city of Pompeii, Herculaneum was destroyed and buried under volcanic ash and pumice in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius in 79 AD.

Archaeological discoveries include the Villa of the Papyri, an ancient Roman villa, named after its unique library of papyri (or scrolls), discovered in 1750. It contained over 1,800 papyrus scrolls, now carbonised by the heat of the eruption, the “Herculaneum papyri”.