The Wall of Oenoanda

Diogenes of Oenoanda was an epicurean in modern day Turkey (circa 200AD). A wealthy man, and concerned epicurean, he commissioned an inscription that explains the teachings of Epicurus — on physics, epistemology, and ethics. It was originally about 25,000 words long and filled 260 square meters of wall space. Less than a third of it has been recovered.

The Wall of Oenanda is an important source material for ancient Epicureanism. It is the source for one of my favorite quotations: “the whole compass of this world gives all people a single country.” I’ve always felt that this is a natural outcome of the Epic Approach.

A transcription is available here and you can learn more about it on Wikipedia.